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The role of family in the seaweed Kappaphycus alvarezii farming in Southeast (SE) Sulawesi
La Ode M.Aslan1, Manat Rahim2, Wa Iba1, Andi Besse Patadjai3, St. Aida Adha Taridala4, Nur Isiyana Wianti5, Laode Asrul6

1Department of Aquaculture, Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Science, Halu Oleo University, Kendari 93232, Indonesia
2Department of Economics Science and Development Study, Faculty of Economics and Business, Halu Oleo University, Kendari 93232, Indonesia
3Department of Fish Processing technology, Faculty of of Fisheries and Marine Science, Halu Oleo University, Kendari 93232, Indonesia
4Department of Agribusiness, Faculty of Agriculture, Halu Oleo University, Kendari 93232, Indonesia
5Department of Agricultural Extension, Faculty of Agriculture, Halu Oleo University, Kendari 93232, Indonesia
6Department of Agrotechnology, Faculty of Agriculture, Hasanuddin University, Makassar 90245, Indonesia


Abstract

The seaweed, K. alvarezii, is the most dominant seaweed farmed in SE Sulawesi. Seaweed farming cover at least 11 activities, namely site preparation, tying seeds, planting seeds, cleaning cultivation ropes during maintenance, preventing pests, harvesting, releasing the harvested seaweed to the para-para (drying block), drying the harvested seaweed, releasing the dried seaweed into sacks, transport the dried seaweed into the house, and sell the harvest to the buyer. Until these days, there have not been many studies describing the roles and duties of family members (husband and wife) in supporting these farming activities. The purpose of this study was to describe the role of the family in cultivating seaweed activities in Southeast Sulawesi. This study was conducted in two districts in SE Sulawesi: Langere Village, Bonegunu sub-district, North Buton District (BU) and in Bungin Indah Village, Tinanggea District, South Konawe District (KS). This study used structured interviews with a total of 62 household respondents respondents involved in BU and 90 household respondents in KS. The respondents in BU were dominated by the Kulisusu ethnicity, while those in KS were dominated by the Bajo ethnicity. The results showed that in general, of the 11 cultivation activities, all cultivation activities in BU were dominated by husbands (100%) except for tying the seeds, which were all carried out by mothers (100%). Meanwhile, in KS, the roles of men (M) and women (W) or those in cooperation between the two parties (M-W) vary widely. Site preparation was dominated by M (91.92%) followed by M-W (6.06%) and 2.02% women- planting seedlings: M (94.95%) followed by M-W (5.05%)- cleaning the cultivation rope during maintenance of M (86.87%) followed by W (8.08%) and M-W (5.05%)- pest prevention: M 100%- harvesting: M (84.85%) followed by M-W (15.15%)- releasing the harvested seaweed: M(87.88%) followed by M-W(8.08%) and W ( 4.04%)- drying the harvested seaweed: W (44.44%) followed

Keywords: family, seaweed, farming, Southeast Sulawesi

Topic: Renewable Energy

Plain Format | Corresponding Author (Andiny Putri Batara I.B.D)

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